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The Structure of a Red Team

Red Team is a group of cybersecurity experts who are responsible for testing the effectiveness of a company's security defenses by simulating cyberattacks and exploiting vulnerabilities.


The structure of a Red Team is designed to provide a wide range of skills and experience that help simulate a realistic cyber attack and discover vulnerabilities that real attackers can exploit. This structure can vary depending on the organization and scope of work, and each member has specific roles to play to ensure that testing is done competently and results are noticeable.


Below is a brief summary of what each team member performs (depending on the structure and activity of the company):

  • Project manager It has a number of critical responsibilities, such as planning with the company's security teams and ensuring that the plan is aligned with the organization's security policies and objectives, maintaining an open and clear communication between Red Team members and the executive leadership, ensuring that testing is conducted with minimal impact on the normal operation of the organization, as well as ensuring that the team is always learning and improving, incorporating the lessons learned from each project into future projects.

  • Team Leader Responsible for coordinating activities so that they are carried out according to the test plan. Must have experience in project management, team leadership and technical skills to understand the complexity of the system to be tested.

  • Pentesters | Vulnerability Analyst Intended to identify vulnerabilities in cloud, websites, applications, systems, etc. They must know about vulnerability scanning tools, penetration testing techniques, and some programming skills and theoretical concepts to understand how vulnerabilities can be exploited.

  • Social Engineer Function that requires members to carry out assessments to identify vulnerabilities in the organization's processes and people. This can include email phishing, phone social engineering testing, physical penetration, and more. In addition, it should document the results of the social engineering tests in a clear and concise report that describes the organization's security strengths and weaknesses. It is necessary to master the techniques of persuasion, manipulation and psychological exploitation.

  • Cryptologists (Cryptography Specialist) They assess the security of cryptographic systems. They must have knowledge of asymmetric and symmetric cryptography, public and private key protocols, as well as programming and math skills.

  • Forensic Analyst A forensic analyst is a cybersecurity professional who focuses on collecting and analyzing digital evidence to investigate security incidents such as data breaches, intellectual property theft and cyberattacks, to identify those responsible and the techniques used. In some cases, a forensic analyst may be called upon to testify in court proceedings as a specialist in digital evidence and cybersecurity.

Red Team can include members from other areas, such as software development, project management and communications, to ensure that all aspects of the work are covered in the right way.


The activities of each team member can vary according to the size and purpose of the test project. In some cases, the member can do more than one activity, in addition to other specializations.


In addition, everyone on the Red Team must work together so that tests are completed in a coordinated and effective manner.

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