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The differences between Blue Team, Red Team and Purple Team

The terms Blue Team, Red Team and Purple Team are commonly used in the cybersecurity arena to describe different approaches to identifying, preserving and responding to threats.


Below are the differences between each and how they contribute to organizations having overall security:

BLUE TEAM

​RED TEAM

PURPLE TEAM

Responsibility

​Responsible for defending a network or system.

Simulates cyber attacks that test the effectiveness of the organization's defenses and identify weaknesses that could be exploited by real attackers.

An approach that combines the Blue Team and the Red Team and involves active collaboration between these two teams in improving an organization's security posture.

Objectives

The objective is to protect systems and networks against possible attacks, in the precaution of the security and reliability of the data stored and processed in these systems.

The goal is to discover security holes before hackers do. By simulating an attack, it provides feedback to Blue Team as a way to help them improve their cyber defenses.

The goal is to promote a more proactive approach to cybersecurity, where the Blue and Red teams work together to identify and fix vulnerabilities before they are exploited by real attackers.

Professionals

Composed of security analysts and engineers, system administrators and other information technology professionals.

​Part of a group of security professionals, pentesters who work together with the Blue Team.

​Includes security analysts and consultants, and project managers.

Operation

Work to ensure security policies are enforced and security controls are in place. The team also constantly monitors the network or system for suspicious or malicious activity, in addition to implementing measures to prevent future attacks.

​Uses a variety of techniques, including penetration testing, social engineering, and other tactics that simulate realistic cyberattacks.

Acts as a mediator between the Red Team simulating attacks and the Blue Team defending against them. May use information collected by Red to enhance Blue's defenses, as well as work with Blue to implement more effective security solutions.

The Blue Team is assigned the organization's cyber defense, while the Red Team is responsible for testing the efficiency of the security measures that were put into practice by Blue, with the simulation of attacks. The Purple Team, on the other hand, is a hybrid of these two teams, working on improving the organization's security through collaboration between Blue and Red.


Each of the three has an important role to play in protecting against security threats, and an integrated approach ensures that the organization is well protected.


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